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CDL Passenger Endorsement

Last updated on March 29, 2023

The CDL Passenger Endorsement allows you to operate passenger vehicles with 16 or more passengers. This endorsement requires an added skills test and written test. This career path is ideal for those who want a regular schedule and a chance to travel. It is important to note, however, that this job requires close contact with passengers. The CDL Passenger Endorsement requires that drivers learn special safety procedures for passenger vehicles.

The Passenger Endorsement written test is one of the two components of the CDL license exam. It covers Section 4 of the CDL Manual and requires a passing score of 80%. The exam covers basic safety procedures, vehicle inspection, and driver behavior. It also covers emergency procedures.

Applicants must be at least 21 years of age, have three years of driving experience, and must meet certain vision and hearing requirements. Their eyesight should be 20/40 in both eyes and they should be able to distinguish red, green, and amber colors. They must also provide a medical examiner’s certificate.

The P endorsement written test is considered difficult to pass, as the questions are somewhat obscure. That is why it is recommended that you take a practice test before the actual DMV test. A practice test consists of 20 to 30 multiple-choice questions with timed answers. The questions cover topics such as loading/unloading passengers, emergency exits, and proper handling of unruly passengers.

Requirements for CDL Passenger Endorsement

Entry-Level Driver Training

As mandated under the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), A Class “B” Commercial Learner’s Permit and Entry-Level Driver Training are now required for drivers who are seeking a Passenger Endorsement for the first time. This law went into effect on February 7, 2022. 49 CFR 380.603(b)

Class “B” Commercial Learner’s Study Guide

A Class “B” Commercial Learner’s Permit applicant wanting to add a passenger endorsement must satisfy the following requirements:

  • Qualify for passenger vehicle endorsement.
  • Pass the knowledge tests for obtaining a passenger vehicle endorsement.
  • Successfully complete entry-level driver training (theory and behind the wheel instruction) from a training provider listed on the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (FMCSA) Training Provider Registry before taking the skills test.

Knowledge test. All applicants for the passenger endorsement must have knowledge covering at least the following topics:

  • Proper procedures for loading/unloading passengers;
  • Proper use of emergency exits, including push out windows;
  • Proper responses to such emergency situations as fires and unruly passengers;
  • Proper procedures at railroad crossings and drawbridges; and
  • Proper braking procedures.

Passenger (P) Endorsement Study Guide

Passenger Endorsement Practice Tests

Skills test. To obtain a passenger endorsement applicable to a specific vehicle group, an applicant must take his/her skills test in a passenger vehicle satisfying the requirements of that group. 49 CFR 383.133(c)(3)

For more complete details and information on obtaining a CDL Passenger Endorsement please refer to 49 CFR 383.117


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